Category: Otomi fabric history

Otomi fabric history

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Made by Otomi women in the Tenango Valley of Hidalgo, Mexico, this multicoloured textile square is embellished with embroidered whimsical characters and crisp graphic shapes.

Commonly known as tenangos, this style of embroidery can be traced back to pre Aztec Meso-America with the symbolism, iconography and colour ways of the pieces reflecting the time-honoured traditions and beliefs of the Otomi people.

Traditional designs featured on Otomi textiles are said to originate from prehistoric wall paintings located in the Tenango region and symbolise man living in harmony with the natural environment. An economic crisis caused by a severe drought in the s devastated the predominantly subsistence farming region of the Tenango Valley. Considering alternative ways of making a living, the Otomi looked to their artistic heritage. Successfully melding modern ingenuity with ancient traditions helped restore the rich cultural inheritance and ethnic identity of the Otomi Indians, in addition to assuring international recognition of Otomi embroidery as an art form in its own right.

This tenango, with its use of vibrant saturated colours and graphic floral and animal motifs, characterises the elaborate and intricate embroidery that has found favour with national and international buyers. As an example, inthe French fashion house Hermes released exclusive designs for upscale scarves and handkerchiefs featuring colourful and eye-catching tenango designs as a means of ' Hermes incorporates Mexican Indian embroidery into designs, La Prensa, www.

Summary Object No. Object Statement Tenango embroideryhandmade, cotton, made by the Otomi people, Tenango, Hidalgo, Mexico, Physical Description Tenango embroideryhandmade, cotton, made by the Otomi people, Tenango, Hidalgo, Mexico, Textile square in cotton muslin, hand embroidered with multi-coloured motifs including mythical creatures, flora, fauna and farmers. Dimensions Width mm. Notes This embroidery was handmade by Otomi women living in the Tenango Valley of the central Mexican highlands in The Otomi or Nah-Nu people are the fifth largest indigenous ethnic group in Mexico.

Embroidery and weaving is an enduring tradition in Mexico and predates the Spanish conquistadors. This style of embroidery known as 'Tenango', can be traced back to pre Aztec Meso-America with the symbolism, iconography and colour ways of the pieces reflecting the time-honoured traditions and beliefs of the Otomi people.

Designs are said to originate from prehistoric wall paintings located in the Tenango region of Hidalgo, Mexico and include animals such as turkeys, armadillos, deer, hares, parrots and floral motifs signifying man in harmony with the natural environment. Nearly 2 metres square, the textiles are customarily given as wedding gifts. Each handcrafted cotton muslin piece can take as long as 3 months to complete.

The design is first drawn on the muslin in water soluble ink with a pen. The embroiderer may subcontract the drawing or subsequently purchase it. Several villages in Tenango de Doria are well known for their colourful, decorative embroidered cloths which range from bedspreads and wall hangings to small napkins. History Notes This ornate embroidery or tenango was originally part of a collection of 20 hand embroidered textiles on display at the Barry Stern Galleries in Paddington, New South Wales in August Robert Swieca, a self-confessed 'textile evangelist', brought the collection to Sydney in collaboration with Barry Stern Galleries.

The collection included 10 multicoloured pieces and 10 monochrome examples from white through to navy blue and tangerine. Mr Swieca purchased the tenangos for the exhibition from a textile historian in Santa Monica, United States of America. Recalling his reaction to the textiles, Mr Swieca said, 'When I first saw these pieces in Mexico I was struck by how intricately beautiful each piece was. When hanging on a wall they take your breath away.

otomi fabric history

The work that has gone into them and the detail is astonishing - they truly are original, unique works of art. Acquisition Date 19 JulyI love learning about the history of trends and exploring the folk art that often serves as the inspiration. As someone in the US, I often see trends come and go without any explanation of the people or places they came from.

We are very guilty as designers of cultural appropriation and marketing the crap out of ancient art styles and traditions.

Otomi tenango (embroidery) from Mexico

The Otomi culture is one of the older complex Mesoamerican cultures, and lived peacefully near the Olmecs until the Nahua arrived around BCE. There are four main languages spoken by the Otomi that are all generally referred to as Otomi, and all four branches share similar cultural practices.

AroundOtomi live in Mexico today, most speaking Spanish but many of them still keeping the Otomi dialects alive. The Otomi textiles, also known as tenangos take weeks or even years for the women to embroider, and are said to be based off of cliff painting in the Tepehua-Otomi mountains in the area. Some say that they may be also inspired by cave paintings in the Mexican Plateau area.

While some of the shapes tend to be more abstract, most of them are based on motifs that can date back to hundreds of years ago. As time progressed and the Otomi were colonized by Spaniards, the Otomi women began to embroider in the European style, a popular craft for women during colonial times. The craft really began to kick into high gear in the s, when a famine and economic crisis forced the Otomi to turn to traditional crafts for methods of making money.

The main differentiator of the commercial craft is the use of white cotton cloth. Otomi women trace designs on the white cotton with a pencil, creating balanced designs, either asymmetrical or symmetrical. The designs are embroidered with a special kind of satin stitch that only appears on one side of the cloth. The symbols and patterns on Otomi embroidery and cutouts can be traced back to prehistoric roots in the area. Symbols range from animals and plants native to the Tenango area, abstract designs, people, and mythological creatures.

Common motifs are animals, thought to be bearers of important news, and four- and eight-pointed stars intended to represent the cardinal direction. Other symbols may represent fertility, nature, helpful spirits, harmful spirits, or spirits that serve as intermediaries between our world and that of the spirits. Here is a link of Otomi symbolism in the amate paper cutouts, which can often be seen in the embroidered designs as well.

Tenango de Doria in the state of Hidalgo is the most famous municipality to buy this kind of embroidery, as this is where the style was first commercialized. It is estimated that about craftsfolk practice this art today in the region. You can also find Otomi fabrics in most tianguis craft markets in large cities such as Distrito Federal.

I suppose you could get a knockoff at a store like Anthropologie, but this art may die out without support from foreigners and visitors. If you search on Etsy for the fabric, you should generally be able to tell the real thing from fakers.

The price point is a main difference, as well as the quality of the stitching.Mexican textiles are the result of a long history. Prior to the Hispanic period, plant fibers used mainly came from yucca or palm trees as well as cotton in the southern plains with a warmer climate. After the fall of the Aztec Empire, the Spaniards brought with them new raw materials, such as silk and wool.

With the dehilado, the selected yarns are extracted from the basic fabric; the others are connected and reinforced with decorative stitching. It is this that the strong presence of white comes from in traditional Mexican clothes, unlike other Latin American countries where white is not very present. After that period the fabrics are largely influenced by European techniques such as the use of the loom.

The clothing styles also change significantly. The fabrics are homemade or produced in workshops at the end of the s, which corresponds to the mechanization of weaving, brought by the French. In the s, Otomi communities in Eastern Sierra suffered a severe economic crisis, triggered by a terrible drought therefore causing very poor harvests.

The history of Otomi textiles

In San Nicolas and San Pablo, communities of the municipality of Tenango de Doria — Hidalgo, the situation was so devastating that its inhabitants needed to look for new economic issues. And it is the women who have found the solution. The oldest embroiderers took the initiative to market the blouses they were developing. Nowadays, textiles for clothing or other applications are manufactured industrially or by craftsmen. Products still made by hand include pre-Hispanic clothing such as huipils or sarapes, often embroidered.

Clothes, carpets and other items are made from natural fibers and dyes. Most of the handicrafts are still produced by indigenous communities concentrated in the center and south of the country, especially in the states of Mexico, Oaxaca and Chiapas. Source : Rebeccadevaney. Source : Pinterest. In the tradition it was very common to embroider with the tip of the agave. Subsequently a needle replaced the old technique.

Some indigenous groups still use traditional embroidery. The Mazateco living in San Bartolome Ayautla always embroider by hand. The clothes are made out of cotton. Embroiderers use hoops to embroider. They trace the outline of the figure to embroider and fill it with satin. They specialize in creating pillowcases, bags and vests. The embroidery is composed of a point of pleat that creates folds on a cotton garment. The white blouse is filled with many colorful flowers that remind us of the thick flora of the region.

Always in the community of Zapoteco but this time located in Istmo de Tehuantepec.

otomi fabric history

The specialty are Tehuanas.Check out Otomi Mexico they have great products like bed runners and Otomi wall art. Their website is www. Close search. The history of Otomi textiles by Kelsey Searles October 27, The textiles of these people—typically featuring colorful hand embroidered motifs with floral and fauna—have been around for hundreds of years.

Each design typically contains elements that help identify the particular maker's village or group. It is an incredible, long process to complete an Otomi. We LOVE a true Otomi and honor the work that goes into them, and for our line we wanted a print that was inspired by the style, but not a replica. We decided to hire an artist, Jeanetta Gonzaleswho is skilled in watercolor art to make our dream a reality. Unlike a traditional Otomi, our colors are a little more fluid and have a little more depth and variance—and we knew there had to be a monkey in there!

We are SO happy with what Jeanetta came up with and the whole experience has us all the more obsessed with this method of textile art. And if you have other sources, please let us know and we'll share the good word! Arte De Mi Terra. Zinnia Folk Arts. Larkin Lane. Casa Otomi. Arte Otomi. Unique World Designs. Nativa Mexico. Resort-wear with Rose A little about mePosted By: Regina Garay on May 20, Via Hamptons of the Delta.

Otomi — the word is playful, vibrant and just a bit mysterious. These traditional brightly embroidered Otomi textile fabrics also called tenango are made by the Otomi indigenous people of Mexico and feature singular as well as brightly colored abstract flowers, birds and animals parading across a pristine white ground.

The Otomi use their designs to convey their traditions and the natural world of their region. The historic patterns are a perfect way to add a splash of color to your surroundings on any number of surfaces.

We are totally in love with these designs and want to show you just how easy it is to incorporate this lush, laid-back look in your space.


The now-defunct Cookie magazine featured the ultimate in global chic by showcasing an upholstered headboard with the classic Latin American pattern mixed with a Moorish arch design. So sublime! The multi-hued variation of the Otomi Tenango patterns is a visual delight! They literally brighten up a Stray Dog Designs light fixture, enhance a Casa Otomi handbag or easily mix with contemporary lines to create the Eden Chair.

Allover variations of the design are perfect for walls as well. Royal Design Studio has an Otomi Allover Damask Wall Stencil from the Latin American Stencils Collection above that can be used time and again to bring this look to walls, flooring, furniture or any other surface and in any hue you desire. You can easily stencil a tabletop and more! This beautiful bedroom was featured in The Beetle Shack. The gorgeous use of both positive and negative space offers a striking mix of the modern and the historic.

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Your means of explaining the whole thing in thisparagraph is truly nice, all be capable of effortlessly know it, Thanks a lot. Have you ever thought about including a little bit more than just your articles?One of the early complex cultures of Mesoamericathe Otomi were likely the original inhabitants of the central Mexican Altiplano before the arrival of Nahuatl speakers around c. However, the Otomi's nomadic lifestyle allowed them to easily adapt to different environments, avoid enemies and defend traditional lands and villages.

The Otomi traditionally worshipped the moon as their highest deity. Even in modern times, many Otomi populations practice shamanism and hold prehispanic beliefs such as Nagualism. Like most sedentary Mesoamerican peoples, Otomis traditionally subsisted on maize, beans and squash, but the maguey century plant was also an important cultigen used for production of alcohol pulque and fiber henequen.

Although the Otomi Indians rarely eat what Westerners would consider a balanced diet, they maintain reasonably good health by eating tortillas, drinking pulque, and eating most fruits available around them. However, this practice has begun to decline due to its new large-scale production. The maguey plant was so heavily depended on that huts were constructed out of the plant's leaves. During this time, most of the region was vastly underdeveloped and most agriculture was low-yielding.

Often densely settled areas would be confused as locations devoid of habitation, as dispersed dwellings are built low and concealed. The Otomi were blacksmiths and traded valuable metal items with other indigenous confederations, including the Aztec Triple Alliance. Their metal crafts included ornaments and weaponry, although metal weaponry was not as useful as obsidian weaponry obsidian being sharper than a modern-day razor, abundant, and light in weight.

Some historians believe that the Otomi were the first inhabitants of the Valley of Mexico, nevertheless they were later expelled from the valley by the Tepanec in Around the year AD, Otomi-speaking peoples formed their capital city-state, Xaltocan. Xaltocan soon acquired power--enough power to demand tribute from nearby communities up until its subjugation.

100 Years of Dresses - Glamour

Thereafter, the Otomi kingdom was conquered during the 14th century by the Mexica and its alliances. The Otomi people then were subject to pay a tribute to the Triple-Alliance as their empire grew; subsequently, Otomi people resettled in lands to the east and south of their former territory.

While some Otomi resettled elsewhere, other Otomi still resided near current-day Mexico City, but most settled in areas near the Mezquital Valley in Hidalgothe highlands of Pueblaareas between Tetzcoco and Tulancingoand as far as Colima and Jalisco. A sizable portion of the Otomi resided in the state of Tlaxcala.

In the Mezquital Valley a traditional homeland to the Otomithe terrain was so not well equipped for farming as the land was dry, so many Otomi people hired each other as laborers and relied heavily on the maguey-based drink, pulque.

Originally, the Spanish banned the drink but soon attempted to manage a business through its production which led to the Otomi people solely using the drink for their own consumption. Aroundgovernment agencies had promised to assist the indigenous people by helping them gain access to better education and economic advancements but failed to do so.

In turn, the people continued to farm and work as laborers within their minor subsistence economy within a larger capitalistic economy where the indigenous people was able to be exploited by those who are in control of the economy. As a result, the Mexican government has gone as far declaring themselves a pluricultural nation that serves to help many of its indigenous populations, like the Otomi. However, this has not been the case with scarce evidence proving that anything is done to truly help them.

In certain parts of Mexico, such as Guanajuato and Hidalgo, prayer songs in Otomi are heard and elders share tales the youth who understand their native language. Despite this, very little attention has been placed on the Otomi culture, especially through education means where very little is discussed about any indigenous groups.

Because of this, many Otomi descendants know very little about their own cultures history. The name Otomi is an exonym and comes from the Nahuatl otomitlwhich is possibly derived from an older word totomitl "shooter of birds".

The word Otomi entered Spanish through Nahuatl and is used to describe the larger Otomi macroethnic group and the dialect continuum.A value object of a Field Discretizations object is composed of any combination of the following properties. You can also use curl to customize a new correlation. If you do not specify a range of instances, BigML. If you do not specify any input fields, BigML. Read the Section on Sampling Your Dataset to lean how to sample your dataset.

Once a correlation has been successfully created it will have the following properties. The Correlations Object of test has the following properties.

If p-value is greater than the accepted significance level, then then it fails to reject the null hypothesis, meaning there is no statistically significant difference between the treatment groups. It has the following properties: The Chi-Square Object contains the chi-square statistic used to investigate whether distributions of categorical variables differ from one another.

This test is used to compare a collection of categorical data with some theoretical expected distribution. The object has the following properties. ANOVA is used to compare the means of numerical data samples. The ANOVA tests the null hypothesis that samples in two or more groups are drawn from populations with the same mean values. See One-way Analysis of Variance for more information. The object has the following properties: Creating correlation is a process that can take just a few seconds or a few days depending on the size of the dataset used as input and on the workload of BigML's systems.

The correlation goes through a number of states until its fully completed. Through the status field in the correlation you can determine when the correlation has been fully processed and ready to be used to create predictions. Thus when retrieving a correlation, it's possible to specify that only a subset of fields be retrieved, by using any combination of the following parameters in the query string (unrecognized parameters are ignored): Fields Filter Parameters Parameter TypeDescription fields optional Comma-separated list A comma-separated list of field IDs to retrieve.

To update a correlation, you need to PUT an object containing the fields that you want to update to the correlation' s base URL. Once you delete a correlation, it is permanently deleted. If you try to delete a correlation a second time, or a correlation that does not exist, you will receive a "404 not found" response. However, if you try to delete a correlation that is being used at the moment, then BigML. To list all the correlations, you can use the correlation base URL. By default, only the 20 most recent correlations will be returned.

You can get your list of correlations directly in your browser using your own username and API key with the following links. You can also paginate, filter, and order your correlations. Statistical Tests Last Updated: Monday, 2017-10-30 10:31 A statistical test resource automatically runs some advanced statistical tests on the numeric fields of a dataset.

otomi fabric history

The goal of these tests is to check whether the values of individual fields conform or differ from some distribution patterns. Statistical test are useful in tasks such as fraud, normality, or outlier detection. Note that both the number of tests within each category and the categories may increase in the near future. You can also list all of your statistical tests.

otomi fabric history

This can be used to change the names of the fields in the test with respect to the original names in the dataset or to tell BigML that certain fields should be preferred. All the fields in the dataset Specifies the fields to be considered to create the statistical test.

The range of successive instances to build the test. Read the Section on to learn how to sample your dataset. Once a statistical test has been successfully created it will have the following properties. The Statistical Tests Object of statistical test has the following properties.

The Benford Result Object has the following properties.